Basic Life Support (BLS) Provider Manual by American Heart Association
نویسنده: American Heart Association
BLS is the foundation forsaving lives after cardiac arrest. You will learn the skills of high-quality cardiopulmonaryresuscitation (CPR) for victims of all ages and will practice delivery of these skills bothas a single rescuer and as a member of a multirescuer team.
The skills you learn in thiscourse will enable you to recognize cardiac arrest, activate the emergency responsesystem early, and respond quickly and confidently. Despite important advances in prevention, sudden cardiac arrest remains a leading causeof death in the United States.
Seventy percent of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occurin the home. About half are unwitnessed. Outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrestremains poor. Only about 10% of adult patients with nontraumatic cardiac arrest who aretreated by emergency medical services (EMS) survive to hospital discharge. With the knowledge and skills you learn in this course, your actions can give victims thebest chance of survival. The BLS Course focuses on what rescuers need to know to perform high-quality CPRin a wide variety of settings.
You will also learn how to respond to choking emergencies.After successfully completing the BLS Course, you should be able to
•Describe the importance of high-quality CPR and its impact on survival
•Describe all of the steps of the Chain of Survival
•Apply the BLS concepts of the Chain of Survival
•Recognize the signs of someone needing CPR
•Perform high-quality CPR for an adult
•Describe the importance of early use of an automated external defibrillator (AED)
•Demonstrate the appropriate use of an AED
•Provide effective ventilations by using a barrier device
•Perform high-quality CPR for a child
•Perform high-quality CPR for an infant
•Describe the importance of teams in multirescuer resuscitation
•Perform as an effective team member during multirescuer CPR
•Describe the technique for relief of foreign-body airway obstruction for an adult or child
•Describe the technique for relief of foreign-body airway obstruction for an infant
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